The linguistic picture of the world refers to the way that language shapes and reflects an individual’s perception and understanding of the world around them. It is influenced by the language or languages an individual speaks and the cultural and social context in which those languages are used.
Linguistic mentality, on the other hand, refers to the ways in which language influences an individual’s thought processes and cognitive abilities. It is the set of mental processes and strategies that an individual uses to comprehend, produce, and manipulate language.
For example, some languages have grammatical constructs that require speakers to specify the relative distance or location of objects in space, while others do not. This can influence an individual’s spatial cognition and their ability to think about and reason about spatial relationships. Similarly, some languages have more complex verb tense systems than others, which can affect an individual’s ability to think about and reason about time.
Overall, the linguistic picture of the world and linguistic mentality are important concepts in the field of linguistics that help to explain how language shapes and is shaped by an individual’s perception and understanding of the world around them.